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The essays on poverty that deal with the economic development of different countries seem to be endless. In this article, we will cover the same information but in an easier for the understanding.
When discussing poorness, we must clearly understand the difference between relative and absolute poverty. Relative poverty stands for living conditions of the population whose income and wealth are lower than average. Absolute poverty stands for the living conditions which are characteristic of people experiencing shortages of food, clothes, etc.
One of the main causes of poverty is illiteracy. Low literacy level is characteristic of such countries as Mali, Niger, Ethiopia. This problem stamps from the absence of elementary and even secondary schools there.
The next cause of poverty is the ailing economy due to the crisis or scarce of resources. Many countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa suffer from these problems.
The insufficiency of technological progress also belongs to the causes of poverty and can be traced in Mexico and other countries in Africa and Latin America.
One of the most essential causes of poverty is the growth of the population around the globe. India, for example, has an unprecedented spike in population and the country does not have a sufficient amount of food to feed even half of its citizens.
Civil wars are also triggers of poverty which have a destructive effect on the citizens suffering from plunder and violence.
Poverty can be traced everywhere in the world, especially in the Third world countries encompassing Africa, Asia, and Latin America. These countries suffer from high growth of population, low income, and high unemployment. Third world countries wholly rely on the agricultural industry and do not fare technologically. Thus, people cannot use natural resources sensibly and often experience shortages. The great majority of these countries have also a low level of life. The term extreme poverty is applicable to any individual living on less than one dollar per day. The desire to live better impels people to flee from their countries which give rise to widespread emigration.
Prosperous countries could not elude poverty, as well. A representative example of this statement is America where 47 million Americans have the status of the poor. One-third of families have their incomes below 60 percent of the average income. The good thing is a lot of poor people in the USA receive governmental support, such as free food and clothes.
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Despite the differences of poverty in developing and developed countries, one thing remains clear: poverty should be eluded. There are some ways which could reduce the number of poor people. First, poor countries should establish international relationships with developed countries. Second, the countries which have an insufficient number of schools should provide conditions that would enable children to obtain education. One more step that could help to eradicate poverty is to invest in the development of innovational technologies. At the same time, the governmental support is also not less important.
To sum up, hunger and illiteracy are the prime problems that require immediate solutions. It is impossible to fully eradicate poverty but it is possible to decrease its level. Developing countries should come up with some social programs and the developed countries should provide international assistance.