There are many different views on legalization of prostitution. Some regard it is a benefit, because it will decrease the levels of human trafficking and provide prostitutes with the same rights other people have. There are critics, too, who believe that legalization of prostitution will not bring benefits to sex industry, but give legal explanation to human trafficking and provide pimps with an opportunity to use people against their will with lawmakers being unable to do anything against it. One believes that legalization of prostitution is like giving legal power to a criminal, because it will only strengthen the positions and level of human trafficking as well as provide this business with an ability to exploit more people.
There is an argument used by the supporters of the legalization of prostitution that it will allow prostitutes to have a legally recognized job paying taxes, but getting social benefits as a result. It means that women or men working in this industry will be able to get a social package and security whenever needed, and they will be protected by their respective governments. Supporters also state that with prostitution legalization, it will be possible to construct an honest business without pimps who exploit workers, providing people with an ability to sell their service without being discriminated or mistreated. Hence, it will be a win-win situation: the government will get taxes and regulate participants of this business, and the prostitutes will get guarantees from the government and ability to have an honest and more secure way to get profits. Clients will also be more secure, because they will know that they do not do anything illegal and the government is there to regulate the overall business.
Nevertheless, are these benefits real? Will legalization of prostitution carry the positive results its supporters are talking about? The issue of the legalization is not about reputation or a position of a prostitute (Mrozek, 2013), but about the effects on the humanity in general. Those who believe that legalization of prostitution will stop illegal human trafficking have to realize that it will only do the opposite. For instance, one would like to use a practical example of human trafficking being a long process which begins with people being forcefully abducted and exploited. It usually happens in the countries with low level of democracy and big amount of population where large groups of people are unprotected, and there is a low government control over this problem. Then, these people are being moved whenever needed, and the “owners” (such as pimps) determine the future of the person. In this situation, pimps and other criminals find specific ways to move the people into various places/countries/continents and then establish them as sex slaves. The trick is that people used as slaves are usually threatened and have little abilities and capacities to do anything about their situation since they are absolutely dependent on the pimps. In this situation, legalization of prostitution will only give pimps more power (Worstall, 2013). They will be able to legalize their business and present it as a legal sex industry, but the legalization will not stop them from using and forcing people. In other words, those in power will only strengthen their positions, and those suffering will keep on suffering even more. One has to realize that human trafficking has deep roots; therefore, instead of legalizing prostitution, governments have to think about fundamental ways to stop human trafficking from even happening. Thus, rather than dealing with the consequences of human trafficking in such an ineffective and even harmful way, the officials need to think about the beginnings of this problem and make it smaller.
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One would also like to say that legalization of prostitution will be automatically regarded as legalization of human trafficking, because it will serve as a sign for traffickers and people involved in this business that they can do whatever they want with unprotected people as there always is a way to legalize trafficking crimes. For example, in Netherlands, where prostitution is officially legal, the amount of prostitutes from abroad is approximately 80% (“10 Reasons for Not Legalizing Prostitution”, 2003). What does this number mean? It means that human trafficking did not end with legalization of prostitution, but simply gave sex criminals a way to turn it into something the government could not end legally. In other words, the trafficking problem remained and became even wider. The same can be seen in Germany, where despite legalization of prostitution, the amount of foreign workers in the industry is about 85% (“10 Reasons for Not Legalizing Prostitution”, 2003). Thus, democratic governments such as German and Dutch ones simply gave sex industry a tool to legalize human abduction and keep on forcefully using people who are unable to do anything about this situation.
In conclusion, the legalization of prostitution will have a negative impact on the societies. It will only increase the amount of humans being forcefully used and trafficked, and it will prevent the governments from stopping this problem. Hence, the arguments provided above show that human trafficking and prostitution legalization are inseparable things, so the latter only strengthens the former one. It is extremely important to end the human trafficking. A good way to do it is to battle sex industry whenever there is a mistreatment and forceful usage of people. This will help to end the problem of trafficking people as well as using them as a source of profit for criminals and pimps.
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